The Endocrine System

Ovaries and Testes
Although the gonads are part of the endocrine system, their primary purpose is to produce gametes.

The woman's ovaries are located on both sides of the uterus below the opening of the fallopian tubes. They are oval or almond-shaped. The ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone. These two hormones affect many of the female characteristics and reproductive functions.

The male's testes are egg-shaped organs that hang in a pouch of skin called the scrotum outside the male body. The testes produce testosterone, which affects many of the male characteristics and sperm production.

The Endocrine System Pituitary Gland Thyroid/Parathyroid Glands Thymus Adrenal Glands Pancreas Gonads (Ovaries) Gonads (Testes)